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Genetics

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Genetics are traits such as hair color, eye color, or skin tone that Sims have, and can pass to their children. in The Sims, a baby that grew into a child received randomly selected body and head skins. Genetics were officially introduced in The Sims 2. In Create a Sim for The Sims 2, The Sims 3 and The Sims 4, once the player has made one male Sim and one female Sim, they can create a child for the couple that has the genetics of both parents.

The Sims 2Edit

PhenotypesEdit

Eye colors Phenotypes
Dominant eye colors TS2 Brown Eyes TS2 Dark Blue Eyes TS2 Black Eyes
Recessive eye colors TS2 Green Eyes TS2 Blue Eyes TS2 Grey Eyes

Hair colors Phenotypes
Dominant hair colors TS2 Brown Hair TS2 Black Hair
Recessive hair colors TS2 Blonde Hair TS2 Red Hair

Skintones Phenotypes
Dominant skintones Skin-green Skin-zombie
Co-dominant skintones Skin-light Skin-tan Skin-medium Skin-dark

For eye color, hair color, and skin tone, each parent has two genes. When a baby's genetics are determined, each parent gives a randomly determined gene for eye color, hair color, and skin tone.

When viewing a Sim's DNA in SimPE, one set of genes will be shown as dominant, and one as recessive, but this may or may not reflect whether the game treats a gene as dominant or recessive. The genes are shown as alphanumeric strings, as follows:[1]

Eye color Code
Brown 32dee745-b6ce-419f-9e86-ae93802d2682
Dark Blue 2d6839c5-0b7c-48a1-9c55-4bd9cc873b0f
Green 51c4a750-c9f4-4cfe-801c-898efc360cb7
Light Blue e43f3360-3a08-4755-8b83-a0d37a6c424b
Grey 0758508c-7111-40f9-b33b-706464626ac9
Alien 12d4f3e1-fdbe-4fe7-ace3-46dd9ff52b51

Hair color Code
Black 00000001-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
Brown 00000002-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
Blond 00000003-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
Red 00000004-0000-0000-0000-000000000000

Skintone Code
Light (Skintone 1) 00000001-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
Tan (Skintone 2) 00000002-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
Medium (Skintone 3) 00000003-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
Dark (Skintone 4) 00000004-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
Alien 6baf064a-85ad-4e37-8d81-a987e9f8da46
Mannequin b9a94827-7544-450c-a8f4-6f643ae89a71
Zombie [TS2:U] b6ee1dbc-5bb3-4146-8315-02bd64eda707

The game considers certain eye colors and hair colors as dominant and some as recessive.[2] If a baby gets a dominant and recessive gene for eye color or hair color, the dominant color will always be visible. However, if the baby gets two dominant (or recessive) genes for eye color or hair color, one will be randomly selected as "dominant". That color will be visible, and that gene will show as "dominant" in SimPE. The other will be carried as a recessive, and will be shown as such in SimPE. It should be noted that, while alien eyes are dominant, the alien eyes will look identical to brown ones, should the Sim not also express the alien skin tone.[3]

Skin tone is passed in the same way. However, if a Sim receives two genes for normal Maxis skin tones, those genes define the ends of a range in which 1 is light skin, 2 is tan, 3 is medium, and 4 is dark. Within that range, all skin tones are equally likely, and which one the baby has is determined at random. For example, a baby who gets a gene for tan skin and one for dark skin may have tan, medium, or dark skin. In SimPE, these genes will be shown as "SkintoneRange". While one will be shown as "dominant" and one as "recessive", the game itself does not treat any normal skin tone as dominant.

The alien skin tone appears to be a special case. Like custom skin tones, it is outside the 1-4 range, and is generally treated as dominant, but how this is expressed depends on other conditions. The alien skin tone does not appear to be truly dominant unless one parent is homozygous for it. It is possible for the child of an alien-Sim hybrid to receive and carry the alien-skin gene but express a normal skin tone.

Custom phenotypesEdit

The Sims 2 allows the creation of custom hair, eyes, and skin tones, and many are available for download. These custom items are usually treated as dominant, and they have additional effects on genetics.

Hair
How custom hair behaves genetically depends on whether or not it has been placed in one of the Maxis color bins. Custom hair that has been properly "binned" as black, brown, blond, or red behaves the same as Maxis hair, though it will still have the custom-content "star" in CAS and Change Appearance. Like Maxis hair, it may be randomly assigned to a Sim when his or her genetics are determined.[4] Each custom hair style that has not been "binned" has its own genetic code. A Sim who inherits a custom-hair gene from a parent of the same gender will receive that style.[5] However, a Sim will not have custom-hair genetics unless he/she inherited them, or was given hair from the Custom bin when created in CAS, as Change Appearance does not change genetics.
Eyes
Eye dominance is on a scale of 0 to 4. Maxis-dominant is at 1, and Maxis-recessive is at 2; values greater than 2 are usable but unused. By default, custom eyes are at 0, which makes them "super-dominant" over all Maxis eyes. However, some content creators may "geneticize" eyes by editing this value.[6]
Skintones
By default, custom skin tones are outside the normal range of skin tones. Receiving a gene for a custom skin tone, or for the alien skin tone or the hidden mannequin skin tone, changes the way skin tones are handled. If a Sim receives a gene for a custom skin tone, the skin tone range is ignored, and skin tone is treated as a dominant/recessive trait. Custom skin tones are dominant,[5] but how this is expressed in-game may depend on whether the parent who passed the custom-skin gene was homozygous for that tone.[confirmation needed]

PersonalityEdit

Genetics in The Sims 2 can also determine the personality of a Sim. If both of the parents of a child each have four nice points, for example, it is likely that the child will also have four nice points. However, this isn't always the case; two shy Sims most certainly can have an outgoing child and vice versa. The point assignment comes from the mother, father, or completely at random.

A born-in-game Sim can have between 25 and 35 personality points, whereas a Create-A-Sim Sim can only have 25. Personality points are assigned to each trait in a random order. If the number of points at any time reaches 35, then every trait being set thereafter will have no points in it. On the other hand, if, after setting all five traits, the point total is less than 25, then points will randomly be assigned to any traits with low numbers until the point total equals 25.

Spawned PlantSims will always have the same personality as their parent, though they will have different zodiac signs.

Facial featuresEdit

Facial features are also genetically reproduced from parent to child in the game. For example, if a parent has large eyes, the child may have the same large eyes. Facial features do not, however, cancel each other out - for example, if one parent had a large nose and the other parent had a small nose, the child will not automatically have a medium-sized nose - they will have either the large nose or the small nose.

ErrorsEdit

Broken Maxis TemplatesEdit

Two of the default CAS face templates, the 21st and 25th, are not linked correctly to other ages. Instead, they are linked to either the 2nd template or the 26th template. Sims created using these templates can pass this "brokenness" on to their descendants.[7] There's a mod that can fix this, but it will not affect existing Sims who use those templates.

First born effectEdit

The Sims 2 is subject to what is known as the "first born effect", in which all single children born in a family have the same genetics. This happens because the randomizer which affects Sim genetics always starts at the same point each time the game is started. The "first born effect" can be mitigated during a game session by going into CAS and clicking on the "Randomize" button several times, as this seems to "shake up" the randomizer. It is not necessary to save the random Sims that are generated.

NotesEdit

Sims created in Create a Sim will have homogeneous genes, unless they were created with "Make a Child". Sims generated by the game, such as replacement townies and generated adoptees also have homogeneous genes. Pre-made townies and NPCs may or may not have homogeneous genes, and often have visible characteristics, such as hair color, that is different from their genetics.

"Make a Child" will only mix the genetics of two adult Sims. While elder males can impregnate adult females in-game, "Make a Child" does not recognize them.

The grey hair bin used by elders is not a genetic bin. It does have a bin code, 00000005-0000-0000-0000-000000000000, but that code is not used in Sim DNA.

The Sims 3Edit

Physical characteristics Edit

Genetics in The Sims 3 are much simplified. There are no dominant and recessive genes, and the game simply combines features of the parents, pulling occasionally from earlier generations such as grandparents. There is a very high mutation (i.e. two dark-haired parents having a child with blonde hair, even though nobody in their family has that hair color) rate of 10%, which can be lowered to a more reasonable rate using mods.

Skin tones are blended by Sims 3 genetics. For example, a Sim with light green skin and another with dark blue can still have a child with dark green or light blue skin, as the light or dark and hue are handed down separately.

Inheritable traits Edit

Sims may pass on traits when traits are randomly determined.[8] Sims can also inherit hidden traits from their parents; there is a 50% chance of passing one of these traits on if one of the parents has one.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://modthesims.info/showthread.php?p=4310019#post4310019
  2. Hair that is in the "custom" bin, whether Maxis-made or custom content, is treated differently. See the section on custom phenotypes.
  3. According to this post by Pescado, the creaturefixes mod from More Awesome Than You will allow Sims without the alien skin tone to express alien eyes.
  4. Players should note that some custom hair uses Maxis textures and meshes for some life stages. A Sim who receives such a style may show hair of a different color than his/her genetic color until he/she reaches a stage that uses the custom mesh and textures.
  5. 5.0 5.1 http://rikkulidea.livejournal.com/22152.html
  6. http://rikkulidea.livejournal.com/22954.html
  7. http://meetme2theriver.livejournal.com/44396.html
  8. The Sims 3 Game Guide, Page 20

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